carbon

n.
1 a non-metallic element occurring naturally as diamond, graphite, and charcoal, and in all organic compounds.
Usage:
Symb.: C.
2 a = carbon copy. b = carbon paper.
3 a rod of carbon in an arc lamp.
Phrases and idioms:
carbon black a fine carbon powder made by burning hydrocarbons in insufficient air. carbon copy
1 a copy made with carbon paper.
2 a person or thing identical or similar to another (is a carbon copy of his father). carbon cycle Biol. the cycle in which carbon compounds are interconverted, usu. by living organisms. carbon dating the determination of the age of an organic object from the ratio of isotopes which changes as carbon-14 decays. carbon dioxide a colourless odourless gas occurring naturally in the atmosphere and formed by respiration.
Usage:
Chem. formula: CO2 carbon disulphide a colourless liquid used as a solvent.
Usage:
Chem. formula: CS2 carbon fibre a thin strong crystalline filament of carbon used as strengthening material in resins, ceramics, etc. carbon-14 a long-lived radioactive carbon isotope of mass 14, used in radiocarbon dating, and as a tracer in biochemistry. carbon monoxide a colourless odourless toxic gas formed by the incomplete burning of carbon.
Usage:
Chem. formula: CO carbon paper a thin carbon-coated paper used for making (esp. typed) copies. carbon steel a steel with properties dependent on the percentage of carbon present. carbon tetrachloride a colourless volatile liquid used as a solvent.
Usage:
Chem. formula: CCl4 carbon-12 a carbon isotope of mass 12, used in calculations of atomic mass units.
Etymology: F carbone f. L carbo -onis charcoal

Useful english dictionary. 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Carbon — (), but as most compounds with multiple single bonded oxygens on a single carbon it is unstable.] Cyanide (CN–), has a similar structure, but behaves much like a halide ion (pseudohalogen). For example it can form the nitride cyanogen molecule… …   Wikipedia

  • Carbon — Car bon (k[aum]r b[o^]n), n. [F. carbone, fr. L. carbo coal; cf. Skr. [,c]r[=a] to cook.] (Chem.) 1. An elementary substance, not metallic in its nature, which is present in all organic compounds. Atomic weight 11.97. Symbol C. it is combustible …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • carbon — CARBÓN s.n. Element chimic, metaloid foarte răspândit în natură, component de bază al tuturor substanţelor organice, care se găseşte în cărbuni, în petrol, în gaze etc., iar în stare elementară în diamant, în grafit şi în cărbunele negru. ♢… …   Dicționar Român

  • Carbon — steht für: Kohlenstoff, chemisches Element Karbon, Erdzeitalter, die fünfte geochronologische Periode des Paläozoikums von vor etwa 359,2 Millionen Jahren bis vor etwa 299 Millionen Jahren Kohlenstofffaserverstärkter Kunststoff Carbon (Apple),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Carbon E7 — Carbon Motors Bild nicht vorhanden E7 Hersteller: Carbon Motors Corporation Produktionszeitraum: ab 2013 Klasse: Streifenwagen Karosserieversionen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • carbon — UK US /ˈkɑːbən/ noun ► [U] NATURAL RESOURCES a chemical element (= simple chemical substance), which exists in all plants and animals, and is an important part of coal and oil. When carbon is burned it produces carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide …   Financial and business terms

  • carbón — (Del lat. carbo, ōnis). 1. m. Materia sólida, ligera, negra y muy combustible, que resulta de la destilación o de la combustión incompleta de la leña o de otros cuerpos orgánicos. 2. carbón de piedra. 3. Brasa o ascua después de apagada. 4.… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • carbon — [kär′bən] n. [Fr carbone < L carbo (gen. carbonis), coal < IE base * ker , to burn > HEARTH] 1. a nonmetallic chemical element found in many inorganic compounds and all organic compounds: diamond and graphite are pure carbon; carbon is… …   English World dictionary

  • Carbon — Carbon, IN U.S. town in Indiana Population (2000): 334 Housing Units (2000): 136 Land area (2000): 0.158337 sq. miles (0.410090 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.158337 sq. miles (0.410090 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • carbon — non metallic element, 1789, coined 1787 in French by Lavoisier as charbone, from L. carbo (gen. carbonis) glowing coal, charcoal, from PIE root *ker heat, fire, to burn (Cf. L. cremare to burn; Skt. krsna black, burnt, kudayati singes; Lith.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • carbón — sustantivo masculino 1. Combustible sólido y negro que se obtiene por destilación o combustión incompleta de diferentes fuentes como huesos o leña y arde con facilidad. carbón animal. carbón vegetal o carbón de leña. 2. Combustible mineral fósil… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

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